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Taxes in Spain

Taxes in Spain: Complete Guide to Understanding the Forms and Their Implications

In the Spanish tax system, both residents and non-residents must comply with a series of tax obligations. In this article, we will address various taxes and forms that are essential for any taxpayer in Spain. Our goal is to provide a clear and concise guide on these topics, especially useful for those seeking legal or tax advice.

Form 600 is used to declare and pay the Tax on Property Transfers (ITP) and Documented Legal Acts (AJD). This tax applies to the transfer of goods and rights that are not subject to VAT, as well as certain documented legal acts.

Deferral of Form 600

It is possible to request a deferral of payment for Form 600 under specific circumstances. This deferral can be requested due to economic reasons that prevent payment within the stipulated period, allowing the tax debt to be paid in installments.

Form 210: Non-Resident Income Tax (IRNR)

Form 210 is the declaration that non-residents in Spain must file for income earned in Spanish territory. This form applies to both individuals and entities that do not reside in the country.

Form 211: 3% Withholding on the Sale of Real Estate by Non-Residents

Form 211 is used to declare the 3% withholding of the sale price of real estate located in Spain when the seller is a non-resident. This withholding is applied as an advance payment of the non-resident income tax.

Reference Value

The reference value is an official estimate of the value of real estate, used as the tax base for certain taxes, such as ITP and AJD. This value is calculated from cadastral data and real estate transactions.

Municipal Capital Gains Tax

The municipal capital gains tax is the tax on the increase in value of urban land. It is paid upon selling, donating, or inheriting a property and is calculated based on the increase in the land’s value from acquisition to transfer.

Capital Gains

Capital gains are the difference between the acquisition value and the transfer value of an asset. This concept is key in the personal income tax declaration, especially in the sale of real estate and other assets.

Form 650: Inheritance and Donations Tax

Form 650 is used to declare and pay the Inheritance and Donations Tax. This tax applies to the transfer of goods and rights between individuals, either through inheritance or donation.

Value Added Tax (VAT)

VAT is an indirect tax that applies to the consumption of goods and services in Spain. The tax rates vary depending on the type of goods or services and is one of the most common and significant taxes in the Spanish tax system.

The Documented Legal Acts tax applies to certain notarial, commercial, and administrative documents. This tax is generally paid when signing public deeds, such as in the purchase of real estate.

Non-Resident Tax

In addition to Form 210, non-residents must consider other tax aspects, such as the 3% withholding mentioned above and other obligations arising from income earned in Spain.


Understanding and complying with tax obligations in Spain is crucial for both residents and non-residents. Knowing the different forms and their applications can prevent penalties and facilitate proper tax planning. If you have any doubts or need personalized advice, do not hesitate to contact a lawyer specializing in tax law.

We hope this guide has been useful and invite you to follow our blog for more articles on legal and tax topics.

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